It is worth noting that the restrictive measures in connection with the pandemic are weakening, but experts warn: a second wave of the new virus is possible and one must not lose vigilance.
The second wave can quickly gain momentum, as people after a long self-isolation will begin to interact more actively with others.

As the novel coronavirus spread rapidly in February and March 2020, many governments have imposed strict restrictive measures. Thanks to massive public efforts, these countries have managed to slow the spread of the pandemic.

By combining different approaches to public health, countries such as Slovenia and New Zealand have eradicated the virus within their borders. Other countries, including the UK, have made significant progress in stopping the spread of the new covid virus. However, isolation led to significant economic and social losses in countries where strict social distancing measures were applied. Governments, as well as the public, are now eager to begin lifting restrictions and returning to normalcy.

A person is taken on a stretcher into the United Memorial Medical Center after going through testing for COVID-19 Thursday, March 19, 2020, in Houston. People were lined up in their cars in a line that stretched over two miles to be tested in the drive-thru testing for coronavirus. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)

With the weakening of isolation rules, there are warnings of a possible resumption of COVID-19 cases – the so-called second wave. Looking back a century, we can see that the second wave of the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918-20 was particularly devastating, as was the second wave of the H1N1 epidemic in 2009-10. But what can we do to avoid a second wave of COVID-19?

As long as there are susceptible and infected people in the population, the virus can spread. Unfortunately, there are still populations in which the virus not only survives, but continues to spread. Nowadays, many countries have a large percentage of covid infections in nursing homes and this is very sad.

Senior eighty plus year old woman in a hospital bed.

As isolation measures loosen, people begin to communicate more. According to experts, the response to the second wave requires periodic isolation measures. And while society has been remarkably submissive to restrictions so far, isolation fatigue can make it difficult to reintroduce such strict policies.

The epidemic can continue in the fall and winter when seasonal flu spreads. While the SARS-CoV-2 virus does not appear to be greatly affected by the weather, the healthcare system could be overwhelmed if COVID-19 and the flu hit the same time.

On the other hand, preventive measures against the SARS-CoV-2 virus (such as masks and hand washing) can reduce the spread of the influenza virus.
Finally, the virus can mutate, leading to a more infectious strain, and this, of course, can lead to even more dire consequences. This mutation could have caused a particularly severe second mid-wave of the Spanish flu. There is only one way out – future vaccination and prevention. You need to leave the house less, keep your hands clean and try to wear a mask everywhere. Maybe mask already annoys you, but now it is an important tool to save your health.